Acrylic paint is a water-based synthetic paint that is long-lasting and used in areas where high-performance is needed. Acrylic paints are water-soluble when fresh but become flexible and durable after they’ve dried. Acrylic paints can be diluted with water to thin them and can be mixed together to create different colors.
Also known as: acrylic house paint, acrylic latex paint, acrylic enamel, acrylic interior paint, acrylic exterior paint
Any specialized finish usually applied to furniture and woodwork to give the appearance of age and antiquing is known as antiqued finish. Antique finishes make surfaces appear worn, cracked, rough, hand-rubbed or old.
Also known as: antique finish, antiqued wood, faux antique finish, antique oil finish, shabby chic finish, antique painting, distressed paint, distressing, aged-look painting, country-antique finish
Curing is the time it takes for paint to fully bond and become dry and stable. While the surface of paint may dry quickly, most paints take up to two weeks to fully dry internally. Care should be taken not to scratch, dent or scar curing paint.
Also known as: paint curing, paint drying, drying paint, high-temperature paint curing
cutting in paint
Painting contractors in Contra Costa County refer to the painting technique that neatly creates a line where two edges or colors meet as “cutting in.” When cutting in, painters usually use a trim brush with beveled or angled bristles to apply a finished-line edge.
Also known as: cutting, cutting in, cut-in, cut-in walls, cutting-in ceilings
Eggshell finish is a type of paint that has a slight sheen when dry.
Also known as: egg shell finish, eggshell paint finish, satin finish paint
Elastomeric paint is rubberized paint that’s thick, flexible and waterproof. It creates a waterproof barrier when painted on surfaces, including masonry and stucco home exteriors. Elastomeric paints are generally used as exterior paints and floor paints, and are available in almost every brand and color.
Also known as: elastomeric exterior paint, elastomeric masonry, elastomeric stucco paint, elastomeric rubberized paint, rubber paint, elastomeric coatings, waterproof paint barrier
A type of household paint that dries to a hard finish. Enamel finishes may be flat paint, gloss paint or semi-gloss paint.
Also known as: enamel interior paint, enamel exterior paint, hard enamel finish, glossy enamel paint
Epoxy is a type of paint that is made from tightly-binding chemicals. Epoxies resist standing water and extreme surface conditions, so epoxy finishes are a good choice for industrial painting and other areas that need a tough, protective coating.
Also known as: polyester epoxy, fusion bonded epoxy powder coatings (FBE), epoxy resin, powder coatings, two-part epoxy coatings
Paints that are exposed to high amounts of light, heat and weathering can experience fading. Fading can be postponed by choosing higher quality paints, choosing lighter colors and applying more coats of paint.
Also known as: paint fading, residential paint fading, faded paint, paint fade restoration, sun faded paint, sun fading paint
Faux finishing encompasses a wide range of decorative painting techniques used to make one surface appear like another. Some faux painting creates an illusion of depth or texture. Common faux finishes include: texturizing, color washing, paint combing, marbleizing, wood graining, stria, rag painting, stenciling, metallic paints, glazing, plaster of paris, sponge painting, faux brick finishes, wall murals, smooth finishes, and other similar wall treatments.
Also known as: faux painting, faux finishes, faux finish painting, faux paint texture, decorative painting, decorative faux finishes
The final coat of paint applied to walls, ceilings and other structures is referred to as the finish coat.
Also known as: finishing coat, final coat, top coat, finished coat
Like peeling, cracking and blistering paint, flaking paint occurs when a layer of paint detaches. Once a paint job starts flaking, the best fix is to completely strip and sand the surface and reapply a better quality paint or a paint that’s made for the surface it’s applied to.
Also known as: paint flakes, flaking paint, chipped paint, peeling paint, paint flaking off
flat finish paint
Flat finish is the most common paint finish. Flat finishes reflect the least amount of light and have a pleasing appearance. Flat finishes have no sheen or gloss and are common interior and exterior paint choices.
Also known as: flat paint finish, flat finishes, no-gloss paints, flat paint
gloss paint finish
Glossy paints have a shiny sheen and reflect light. Gloss finishes are shiny and durable, although they may be more prone to scratching and flaws than flat paints. Glossy finishes are generally used as accent paints on cabinets, trim and furnishings.
Also known as: glossy paint, glossy paint finish, gloss finish, gloss paints, semi-gloss, high gloss paints, demi-gloss finish
Lacquer is a fast-drying, clear or lightly-pigmented varnish. It dries as the solvents evaporate and often requires a curing process in order to develop a hard coating. Lacquer is most commonly used on wood and furniture.
Also known as: lacquer spray, gloss lacquer, clear lacquer, lacquer sealant, lacquer sealer, shellac, varnish
Latex paints are synthetic, water-based paints that dry quickly and are easy to clean. Latex paints are opaque and are easy to paint over with other latex-based paints.
Also known as: acrylic paint, acrylic latex paint
Metallic paints have metal flecks in them so they are reflective and have a shimmery, luminous appearance. Metallic paints are generally recommended for indoor use only, and are often used as accent paints or painted over darker paint to add light to dark corners and rooms.
Also known as: metallic paints, polychromatic paint, metal flake paint, metal paint, metallic-finish paint
Paint thinner solvents are used to thin and clean up after using oil-based paints. Many paint thinners are made of toxic or potentially dangerous chemicals. Paint thinners should be used sparingly and with caution. Water-based paint makes the use of paint thinners unnecessary. Most paint thinners are made of acetone, turpentine, naptha, touline and/or xyline.
Also known as: paint solvent, mineral spirits, MEK, DMF, liquid thinner
When a layer of paint detaches from the lower layers of paint, it is referred to as peeling paint. Paint peeling can be caused by moisture or poor adhesion due to improper preparation. Peeling paint must be stripped, sanded and reapplied to a clean surface.
Also known as: paint peeling, interior peeling paint, exterior paint peeling, fixing peeling paint, peeling house paint, peeling bathroom paint, peeling paint texture
Priming is applying a coat of primer paint to a surface before applying paint and finish coat. Painters in Contra Costa County use primers to create a strong bond and prevent paint from peeling, chipping and flaking.
Also known as: primer, paint prepping, preparation, primer coat, wood primers, primer sealer, primer spray
satin finish paint
Satin finishes have a rich texture and a slightly glossy finish. Also known as eggshell finishes, satin finish paints are durable and easy to clean.
Also known as: satin wall finish, satin interior paints, satin finishes, satin-finish paint
Stain is a water- or oil-based material that is applied to surfaces to add color. Stain is often used on wood surfaces and is absorbed in to permanently stain the surface. Unlike paint, which sits on the top of the surface, stain is absorbed into the surfaces.
Also known as: wood stain, staining, interior stains, exterior stains, surface stains
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Textured paint has texturizing material within it or can be applied with brushes, rollers, trowels or other tools to create special textured effects. Textured paint effects can hide flaws and imperfections in walls and other surfaces, create accents on furniture and decor, and hide stains and damage on ceilings and walls.
Also known as: texture paint, texturized paint, paint texturing, applying texture to paint