You may not know that much about your sewer line – except that it works. But when it comes to speaking with your sewer line repair company, you’ll want to have a basic understanding of what needs to be fixed or replaced. Use the glossary terms to help you better understand the proposed work on your sewer line repair or sewer line replacement.
A type of pipe. Black and rigid, this plastic should only be used for a drain line.
Also known as: acrylonitrile butadiene styrene
An opening near a plumbing or electrical fixture that allows the contractor service the fixture.
A device that allows different kinds of pipes to be connected.
A cleanout is a capped pipe that is designed to allow access to the sewer lines. Homes may have one or more cleanouts, and some homes have none.
Also known as: clean-out
An easement allows someone who does not own the property in question to use that property in a limited way. For example, an easement may serve as a passage to a property.
A device that unites two pieces of pipe.
Drain, waste, and vent.
Refers to a piece of pipe that has two openings and changes the direction of the line.
Also known as: ell
Refers to the pipe’s slope, which would be required for drainage to occur adequately.
Also known as: flow
Refers to appliances that supply and/or dispose of water.
Also known as: sink, toilet, tub
In plumbing, refers to a paste that is applied when metal joints are soldered. The paste helps the joint resist rusting.
A sewer line where sewage moves as a result of pressure, instead of gravity.
A sewer where wastewater flows downstream – as a result of gravity.
Refers the inside diameter of a pipe. The inside diameter is the measurement used to size pipes.
Infiltration and inflow occurs when groundwater gets into the sewer system.
Also known as: infiltration and inflow
A technique used for sewer line replacement. A bursting head breaks up the old pipe and drags the new pipe into place behind the bursting head. It is an alternative to trenching.
Usually refers to digging up an old pipe and replacing the entire length of the pipe.
A point repair addresses a specific point of failure in a pipe. The damaged piece of the pipe is replaced with a piece of pipe of the same diameter.
Pump stations accept sewage from a specified part of the sewer system, then pump the water on to the next section of sewer or to the next pump station.
A type of plastic, white or cream, that forms rigid pipes used where pressure is not applied, for example in waste or venting systems.
Also known as: polyvinyl chloride
A riser is a set of pipes and fittings that is vertically assembled and sends water upwards.
In plumbing, the rough-in consists of putting the water supply lines and drain, as well as the waste and vent lines, in position so that they reach the fixture they are servicing.
The areas into which a city’s sewer system may be divided. Each service basin typically has its own pump station.
A setback is an area behind, or set back from, the property line.
The soil stack takes wastewater to the sewer line. The soil stack is the biggest vertical drain line that all branch waste lines connect to.
A stop-valve is a device that works with a single fixture, allowing the water to that fixture to be turned on and off without affecting the water supply to any other fixture.
In the drain line of a fixture, such as a toilet or tub, the trap is a curved section. It holds water to prevent sewer gases from going up the pipe and into the home.
A device with three pieces that joins two sections of pipe. The pipes can be disconnected without severing the pipe.
The vent stack is the upper part of the soil stack and allows gases and odors to escape. It is located above the highest fixture in place.
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A device, or fitting, that has three openings. It is used to make branch lines.