The following are terms and definitions related to local electric vehicle charging stations and recharging electric vehicles.
battery electric vehicles
Vehicles that are all-electric with no internal combustion engine. They must be plugged in to be recharged. Popular types of battery electric vehicles are Nissan Leaf and Ford Focus Electric.
Also known as: BEV
Charging is the act of refueling or recharging an electric vehicle's battery with electricity. EV battery recharging time depends on the size of the battery and the amount of electric current or voltage flowing into the battery through the charging station.
Also known as: EV charging, electric car charging
DC quick charge electric vehicle charging stations
These EV charging stations are higher voltage—about 480 volts—which mean that they charge the vehicles much faster. Most take about 30 minutes to charge an EV car. These charging stations are used for travelers and those that are only stopped for a short period of time. Most cities and stores with EV charging stations in their parking lots use DC quick-charge stations. Level 3 and Quick DC Charging systems can also be used for recharging large vehicles such as buses, commercial vehicles and fleet vehicles that need to be powered quickly so they can get back on the road. These stations are very expensive (usually around $100,000), so they are almost never used in home garages.
Also known as: EV quick charge stations, quick charging EV stations, Level 3 charging stations
Electric vehicles are cars, trucks, SUVs and other vehicles that completely runs on electric power. These vehicles have batteries that need to be recharged at an electric vehicle charging station.
Also known as: EV
electric vehicle charging station
Electric vehicle charging stations are charging centers with external chargers that attach to electric cars. Stations provide a certain voltage of charging power to recharge electric vehicle batteries. Some EV charging stations are meant for residential garages (these are often lower voltage and used to charge a vehicle overnight), business parks and commercial uses (most often mid-range voltage and take a few hours to charge a vehicle), and quick-charge stations with higher voltage that can charge electric cars in a short time to get shoppers and travelers back out on the road.
Also known as: EVSE, electric vehicle supply equipment, charging station, electric recharging point, plug-in electric vehicle recharging, EV recharging, charging point, charge point
electric vehicle range
Electric vehicle range is the distance a vehicle can travel on electric power before needing a battery recharge. Pure electric vehicles need to be recharged before they can continue, while hybrid vehicles can switch over to gasoline power until they can get to a EV charging station.
Also known as: battery distance, electric vehicle distance, EV battery distance
hybrid electric vehicles
Vehicles with an electric motor and an internal combustion engine. Toyota Prius and Ford Fusion Hybrids are popular HEVs.
Also known as: HEV
internal combustion engine
Internal combustion engines are those that burn fuels including gasoline and diesel to power the engine. Some electric vehicles are in fact partial electric or hybrid vehicles that also can run on fossil fuels to prolong their range.
Also known as: ICE, gas-powered vehicle
Level 1 charging
Level 1 charging can take up to 20 hours to charge a typical vehicle that's completely depleted. Level 1 charging uses relatively low voltage of 110-120 volts. These EV charging stations are the least expensive to install, as they generally plug into a standard household outlet.
Also known as: low-voltage EV charging stations
Level 2 charging stations
These EV charging stations are commonly used for overnight charging and public electric vehicle charging stations. Most home electric car charging stations are Level 2 stations, which take about 6-8 hours to charge the typical vehicle and have a voltage of about 220 volts.
Also known as: day EV charging stations, residential electric car charging stations, opportunity charging EV systems, opportune charging systems
neighborhood electric vehicle
Neighborhood electric vehicles are those that are battery-powered cars that are legal for driving on public streets that have speed limits of or less than 35 MPH. Most drivers of neighborhood electric vehicles use them to get around in small communities, retirement villages, business parks and commercial complexes, school campuses and other self-contained communities or neighborhoods.
Also known as: NEV
plug-in hybrid vehicles
Plug-in hybrid vehicles are electric cars that have both an electric motor and internal combustion engine. They can run only on electric power alone for a limited distance or can run on gasoline. They plug in to an EV charging station to charge. Popular types of plug-in hybrid vehicles are Chevy Volt, Toyota Prius Plug-In Hybrid and Fisker Karma.
Also known as:PHEV
Drivers of electric vehicles are sometimes said to have “range anxiety” or nervousness about how far they can drive before running out of battery charge. As charging stations become more popular in cities across the Greater Bay Area and the country, range anxiety will decrease because there will be more places for electric car drivers to charge their vehicles.
Also known as: battery anxiety, fear of running out of charge
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